EXPLAINER: New York's legalization of adult-use marijuana

Lawmakers in New York are expected to approve the legalization of adult-use marijuana in the state. But what does that mean for you? Here's a breakdown.

News 12 Staff

and Associated Press

Mar 30, 2021, 6:48 PM

Updated 1,108 days ago

Share:

EXPLAINER: New York's legalization of adult-use marijuana
Adult-use recreational marijuana is now legal in the state of New York.  Here's what you need to know:

Can you still get in legal trouble for marijuana? 

The measure eliminates penalties for possession of less than 3 ounces of cannabis, and automatically expunges the records of people with past convictions for marijuana-related offenses that will no longer be criminalized. Individual New Yorkers can grow up to three mature and three immature plants for personal consumption.
This April 6, 2018, file photo shows the leaves of a marijuana plant inside Ultra Health's cultivation greenhouse in Bernalillo, N.M. New Mexico lawmakers are embarking on an unusual legislative session focused entirely on the legalization of recreational marijuana. Negotiations on adult-use cannabis legalization have faltered amid divergent opinions about the government’s role in a major new market. (AP Photo/Susan Montoya Bryan, File)

When does this go into effect?

It is in effect right now. 

At what age can people use marijuana?

The law allows people over the age of 21 to use marijuana. 

Cool, so I should start seeing shops pop up pretty soon?

Well, not exactly.  Sales won’t start until New York sets up rules and a proposed cannabis board. New York Assembly Majority Leader Crystal Peoples-Stokes estimated Friday it could take 18 months to two years for sales to start.
Marijuana buds are shown at Huron View Provisioning in Ann Arbor, Mich., Thursday, Jan. 28, 2021. The first year of state-licensed recreational marijuana sales in Michigan saw $511 million of sales in recreational and $474 million in medical sales, generating over $100 million in tax revenue, but the state also found that the industry drastically failed to attract minority business owners. (AP Photo/Paul Sancya)

Does the law mean every municipality has to allow the sale of marijuana?

The bill allows cities, towns and villages to opt out of allowing adult-use cannabis retail dispensaries or on-site consumption licenses by passing a local law by Dec. 31, 2021 or nine months after the effective date of the legislation. However, they cannot opt out of legalization - meaning adult residents can still use marijuana in an area where the retail sale has been banned.

What does this mean for the economy? 

Gov. Andrew Cuomo's administration has estimated legalization could eventually bring the state about $350 million annually.  New York would also provide loans, grants and incubator programs to encourage participation in the cannabis industry by people from minority communities, as well as small farmers, women and disabled veterans.
This Oct. 20, 2018, file photo shows marijuana clone plants displayed for sale by Interstate 5 Farms at the cannabis-themed Kushstock Festival at Adelanto, Calif. The leading cannabis industry group in California announced Tuesday, Jan. 19, 2021, it had reached an agreement with a state credit union that will provide access to checking and other banking services for marijuana companies, ending what had been a longstanding obstacle for many businesses. (AP Photo/Richard Vogel, File)

So with the vote, that must mean marijuana is totally safe right?

As with any food or substance, there are always potential health risks that go along with benefits.  The CDC provides a comprehensive guide on the impacts of marijuana. 
This guide was written in part with Associated Press wire reports. 


More from News 12
0:32
Police: Car overturns following crash on LIE in Brentwood

Police: Car overturns following crash on LIE in Brentwood

1:49
Mostly cloudy skies and windy conditions on Long Island

Mostly cloudy skies and windy conditions on Long Island

0:24
Prosecutors: Central Islip man indicted for killing Bay Shore teen during attempted robbery

Prosecutors: Central Islip man indicted for killing Bay Shore teen during attempted robbery

1:57
7 motorized scooters stolen from Williston Park garage; thieves contacted victim offering to sell them back

7 motorized scooters stolen from Williston Park garage; thieves contacted victim offering to sell them back

1:51
Dozens come out to exhibit to purchase art pieces depicting scenic North Shore

Dozens come out to exhibit to purchase art pieces depicting scenic North Shore

0:26
Shirley man pleads guilty to murder, setting victim's body on fire

Shirley man pleads guilty to murder, setting victim's body on fire

0:20
Freeport photographer accused of forcibly touching teen at Lindenhurst studio

Freeport photographer accused of forcibly touching teen at Lindenhurst studio

0:41
Judge dismisses Blakeman's lawsuit against AG's office connected to transgender athlete ban

Judge dismisses Blakeman's lawsuit against AG's office connected to transgender athlete ban

0:22
Officials: Fire breaks out at home near Wyandanch High School

Officials: Fire breaks out at home near Wyandanch High School

0:28
Police: Yonkers man charged for Old Westbury gas station robbery from nearly a year ago

Police: Yonkers man charged for Old Westbury gas station robbery from nearly a year ago

0:32
Beloved Franklin Square principal returns to Polk Street School following unexplained leave of absence

Beloved Franklin Square principal returns to Polk Street School following unexplained leave of absence

0:44
AG James announces over $1M settlement with Northwell Health for misleading COVID-19 patients

AG James announces over $1M settlement with Northwell Health for misleading COVID-19 patients

1:19
Authorities: Woman injured after shots fired into home in Mastic Beach

Authorities: Woman injured after shots fired into home in Mastic Beach

1:55
LI school districts wait for answers as state budget delays continue

LI school districts wait for answers as state budget delays continue

0:47
Long Island Restaurant Week: Lake View Grill, Legends, Dimon Estate

Long Island Restaurant Week: Lake View Grill, Legends, Dimon Estate

1:12
The East End: Take a tour of the The Shoppes at East Wind

The East End: Take a tour of the The Shoppes at East Wind

1:37
The Real Deal: How to save the next time you dine out

The Real Deal: How to save the next time you dine out

Guide: Long Island Public Golf Courses

Guide: Long Island Public Golf Courses

2:29
Multiple independent audits document a pattern of fiscal distress at Amityville schools

Multiple independent audits document a pattern of fiscal distress at Amityville schools

1:24
Police: Mother arrested for leaving 2 children unattended in a car near the Green Acres Mall

Police: Mother arrested for leaving 2 children unattended in a car near the Green Acres Mall