WOODBURY - A new report on climate change could have important implications for Long Island.

According to the National Climate Assessment released by the U.S. Global Change Research Program, rising sea level and coastal flooding are problems that will need to be addressed over the next century.

Experts estimate that the sea level is rising 1 to 2 feet each century, which is bound to cause problems for barrier islands and low-lying areas of Long Island.

The report also warns of prolonged heat waves and drought situations, which could increase the risk of wildfires.

Dr. Edmund Chang, of the Stony Brook School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, says the idea behind climate assessment is not to be alarming, but to stress the need for preparation.

The report states that the implementation of adaptation measures is still at early stages.